Red Spotted Bella Snail (Paludomus loricatus)

From Pet Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Red Spotted Bella Snail
Paludomus loricatus
Red Spotted Bella Snail (Paludomus loricatus)
Name Red Spotted Bella Snail
Name Lat. Paludomus loricatus
Family Paludomids
Family lat. Paludomida
Order Snails & Slugs
Order lat. Gastropoda
Origin Southern Asia
Habitat Streams
Diet Algae, detritus, snail food
pH 5.5-7.0
Behavior Peaceful
Keeping Group
Care Level Moderate
Reproduction Livebearer
Breeding None reported
Life Span 2-3 years
Protection No
Metric Units
Size 3 cm
Temperature 18-27 °C
Hardness 1-10 °dH
Aquarium 20 l
US Units
Size 1.2"
Temperature 64-81 °F
Hardness 18-178 ppm
Aquarium 5 gal

Distribution and habitat

The distribution range of devil snails is in the Kelani and Kalu River systems of southwestern Sri Lanka and northeastern India (Assam and Arunachal Pradesh), where they live in clean, clear streams of the uplands.


They require a well-structured aquarium with roots, stones and plants, as well as oxygen-rich water with a medium current. The substrate of dark sand or gravel should be partially covered with foliage (e.g. sea almond leaves, oak leaves), rotting plant material and mulm

The water quality must be that required for average freshwater fish keeping. No ammonia, ammonium and nitrite should be detectable in the water and the nitrate value should be below 100 mg/l. When using a filter, make sure that only a weak current is created and that no animals can be sucked in. The lighting must correspond to the natural day-night rhythm of the animals.


They feed mainly on algae growth, which they graze from stones, roots, plants and furnishings, but also eat detritus (remains of dead plants and animals). For supplementation and in case of algae deficiency, algae leaves, over-broiled lettuce or sinking dry food for ornamental fish (granules, food tablets) with high vegetable content (spirulina) can be offered, which is usually accepted after habituation. Unaccepted food must be siphoned off after 2-3 hours

Regular and varied feeding promotes health and prevents deficiency symptoms.

Behaviour and compatibility

It is recommended to keep these snails in a group of 5-10 animals. They can be kept well in a nano aquarium. Also a socialization with fish, which do not regard snails as food, is well possible. Basically, only mutually compatible species with similar demands on water quality and water temperature should be socialized.

Reproduction and breeding

They are separately sexed. The sexes cannot be distinguished from each other externally. Presumably, like all species of the Paludomus genus, they are ovoviviparous, that is, they give birth to live young.

There are no known reports of successful breeding in the aquarium.


The name devil snail is due to its orange-red eyes and the equally colored folds on the edge of the mantle.

To build their shells, they need an adequate supply of calcium. If necessary, calcium should be supplied in the form of limestone, cuttlebone or special preparations from the specialized trade

Foliage (sea almond tree, oak, beech, etc.) not only provides cover, but when rotting promotes the development of microorganisms, which are a valuable secondary food source.

The well-being of the animals should be monitored regularly. Temperature should be checked daily, pH, hardness and nitrate levels at least every 14 days. Regular partial water changes are recommended, even when contaminant levels have not yet reached the upper limit. Sudden changes in water quality should be avoided. Newly introduced animals must be accustomed slowly to the water in the aquarium.

Further literature can be found in your pet store.


Text: petdata; Image: Franz Lowak

Source: BITTER (2008): Schnecken-Fibel, Dähne Verlag; ENGELMANN & LANGE (2011): Zootierhaltung - Tiere in menschlicher Obhut: Wirbellose, Verlag Harri Deutsch