Thailand Golden Fringe (Ornithoctonus aureotibialis)

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Thailand Golden Fringe
Ornithoctonus aureotibialis
Thailand Golden Fringe (Ornithoctonus aureotibialis)
Name Thailand Golden Fringe
Name Lat. Ornithoctonus aureotibialis
Family Tarantulas
Family lat. Theraphosidae
Order Spiders
Order lat. Araneae
Origin Southeast Asia
Habitat Forest
Diet Live insects
Humidity 70-80 %
Behavior Terrestrial, nocturnal, semi-aggressive
Keeping Individual
Care Level Difficult
Housing Semi humid terrarium
Breeding Moderately difficult
Life Span 5-15 years
Protection No
Metric Units
Size 5-6 cm
Temperature Day 23-25 °C
Temperature Night 20-22 °C
Housing Size 30 x 30 x 40 cm
US Units
Size 2"-2.4"
Temperature Day 73-77 °F
Temperature Night 68-72 °F
Housing Size 10" x 10" x 15"

Distribution and habitat

The distribution area of the crepuscular to nocturnal, ground-dwelling Ornithoctonus aureotibialis is in northern Malaysia, southern and central Thailand. There, these shy animals live in deep, self-dug burrows (living tubes).


A terrarium of at least 30 x 30 x 40 cm (L x W x H) for 1 animal is recommended. The terrarium should be placed in a quiet place without sunlight.

You need a terrarium structured with cork tubes and roots (hiding places and visual protection), a graveable, at least 10-15 cm deep substrate of terrarium humus with a living tube, a small, shallow drinking vessel and for decoration artificial or potted plants (e.g. Ficus pumila, Scindapsus aureus). The substrate, especially the lower layers, should always be kept slightly moist. Daily the inside of the terrarium should be finely sprayed with water (humidity), but better is a rain or mist system

Temp. day: 23-25 °C Temp. night: 20-22 °C Humidity: 70-80

Thermostatically controlled floor heating or heating mats are recommended. The lighting duration should be 8-12 hours depending on the season. A conventional light source (fluorescent tube, incandescent bulb) is sufficient. Special lamps with high UV content are not necessary.


The food supply should consist of crickets, cockroaches, house crickets, maggots and grasshoppers as well as other arachnids. The prey animal is "injected" with the biting tools (chelicerae) with a digestive juice, which liquefies the protein components and the prey can thus be sucked out (extracorporeal digestion). Young animals can be offered food 1-2 times a week, adults only every one to two weeks. Under no circumstances should they be overfed, the basic rule being that the abdomen should be no more than 1½ times the size of the cephalothorax. Unaccepted food must be removed after 1-2 days. Refusal of food may indicate a natural phase of starvation or an impending molt. No food animals should be in the terrarium during molting, they could injure the spider

A varied diet promotes health and prevents deficiency symptoms.

Reproduction and breeding

The smaller males can be recognized by their bulbs folded in towards the body. The female lays up to 250 eggs in her burrow lined with webs 2-3 months after mating. The eggs are spun into a dense cocoon in which the larvae develop and are guarded by the female. After the third molt, the young leave the burrow and feed on their own.

Obligation to report

Be sure to find out about any ordinances on keeping or bans on keeping this animal in your state or home municipality

Your pet store will be happy to provide you with further information.


They are shy, defensive animals that quickly retreat to their den when disturbed. If they have no means of retreat, they react aggressively. They possess a relatively strong venom. Their bite is very painful and associated with severe swelling at the bite site.

Around their burrow they build very beautiful and large living webs. They can shed bruised or held legs at a predetermined breaking point and completely regenerate them after 1-2 molts.

The terrarium must have good ventilation without drafts and meet the species specific needs. Measuring devices such as thermometers, hygrometers, etc. are necessary. The lighting has to correspond to the species-specific day-night rhythm and has to be placed in such a way that the animals cannot injure themselves. The terrarium should be locked in such a way that neither unauthorized persons can open it nor the animals can escape. Special attention must be paid to thorough hygiene and impurities must be removed regularly

Further literature can be found in your pet store.


Text: petdata; Image: Franz Lowak

Source: ENGELMANN & LANGE (2011): Zootierhaltung - Tiere in menschlicher Obhut: Wirbellose, Harri Deutsch Verlag; KLAAS (2007): Vogelspinnen- Herkunft, Pflege, Arten, Verlag Eugen Ulmer