Domestic Canary-Spotted ♀ (Serinus canaria f. dom.)

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Domestic Canary-Spotted ♀
Serinus canaria f. dom.
Domestic Canary-Spotted ♀ (Serinus canaria f. dom.)
Name Domestic Canary-Spotted ♀
Name Lat. Serinus canaria f. dom.
Family Finches and Allies
Family lat. Fringillidae
Order Perching Birds
Order lat. Passeriformes
Origin Breed
Climate Temperate
Diet Canary seed, veggies, fruits, insects
Keeping Pair, group
Care Level Easy
Reproduction Cup nest
Life Span 6-10 years
Protection No
Metric Units
Size 14 cm
Temperature Room temperature
Housing 80 x 40 x 40 cm
US Units
Size 5.5"
Temperature Room temperature
Housing 30" x 15" x 15"

Distribution and habitat

The wild form of the canary (canary gudgeon) is native to the forest and scrubland of the Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira. The domesticated form is offered today in very many color mutations and posture breeds.

Cage size

The minimum cage size is 80 x 40 x 40 cm (L x W x H) for a pair. The cage size must not be undercut even in case of justified single keeping. For an additional 2-3 birds, assuming species compatibility, the floor space must be increased by 25%. The cage must be placed in a bright, draught-free and quiet place at a height of at least 80 cm (except aviaries), have a rectangular base and be opaque on three sides, aviaries on one side. Keeping in an aviary is preferable.


The floor must be covered with sand, wood granulate, bark mulch or similar material and must be cleaned regularly. At least 3 perches made of wood or branches of varying thickness and height must be installed in such a way that they can only be reached by flying and that the longest possible flight distance is created. They need a bathing opportunity as well as biotope-like hiding, sleeping and nesting possibilities. It is recommended to provide them with grasses and bushes. They should be kept at room temperature.


The species-specific food offer consists of mixed seeds, available in specialized trade as "canary food" in premium quality, supplemented with foxtail millet, vitamin crackers, green food (chickweed, green panicle millet, cucumber slices, organic lettuce, dandelion, etc.), fruit (apples, knaw grass seeds, insect food and especially germinated seeds (negro seeds, turnips, some mung beans).), fruit (apples), tangle grass seeds, insect food and especially for raising young germinated seeds (negro seeds, turnips, some mung beans) and hard-boiled chicken egg mixed (crumbly) with canary egg food. Charcoal, vitamin lime and shell grit are needed as digestive aids. Drinking water must always be available in birdbaths or in stable, open containers and, like food, must be offered fresh daily in clean containers.

A regular and varied diet promotes health and prevents deficiency symptoms.

Reproduction and breeding

The sexes can be distinguished by the song of the males and in the breeding phase by the cone (thrust) of the sexual part of the cock, and in the females by the pear-shaped abdomen (cloaca).

They breed in open nesting baskets or so-called emperor nests, which are attached to the outside of the cage. Coconut felt nest liners are recommended to secure the nest construction. As nesting material is suitable nest wool (Scharpie), jute fibers and possibly some fresh moss. The clutch consists of 4-6 eggs, the incubation period is about 13 days. The breeding season is, biologically speaking, all year round. Do not allow more than 2-3 broods per year! During breeding the room temperature should be 15 °C.


Canaries may only be kept in pairs or in a group or flock. An aviary is required for flock keeping. They must not be kept in a round cage.

When kept in an outdoor aviary with a height of at least 1.70 m, they also require a heated shelter with a floor area of at least 1 m², which can be visited by the birds at any time. The temperature in the shelter must not fall below 5 °C and the furnishings must be the same as those used for caging.

Sufficient daylight or flicker-free artificial light (stroboscopic effect) corresponding to daylight must be provided in rooms, including the shelters. The lighting duration shall be 8-14 hours per day and the natural day-night rhythm shall be respected. Adequate indoor climate should be provided. If caged, they should be allowed free flight. The health condition of the birds should be checked daily

Further literature can be found in your pet store.


Text: Othmar Sieberer; Image: petdata

Source: BMELV (1995): Tierschutzgutachten - Mindestanforderungen an die Haltung von Kleinvögeln; CLASSEN (2001): Kanarien, Ulmer Verlag; GRUMMT & STREHLOW (2009): Zootierhaltung - Tiere in menschlicher Obhut: Vögel, Verlag Harri Deutsch

  • Gemäß § 21 Abs. 5 Tierschutzgesetz idgF