Domestic Canary-White ♂ (Serinus canaria f. dom.)

From Pet Wiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Domestic Canary-White ♂
Serinus canaria f. dom.
Domestic Canary-White ♂ (Serinus canaria f. dom.)
Name Domestic Canary-White ♂
Name Lat. Serinus canaria f. dom.
Family Finches and Allies
Family lat. Fringillidae
Order Perching Birds
Order lat. Passeriformes
Origin Breed
Climate Temperate
Diet Canary seed, veggies, fruits, insects
Keeping Pair, group
Care Level Easy
Reproduction Cup nest
Life Span 6-10 years
Protection No
Metric Units
Size 14 cm
Temperature Room temperature
Housing 80 x 40 x 40 cm
US Units
Size 5.5"
Temperature Room temperature
Housing 30" x 15" x 15"

Distribution and habitat

The canary is the domesticated form of the Canary (Serinus canaria), native to the Canary Islands, Azores and Madeira, where it lives in the forest and scrubland. The canary is bred in many color mutations and posture breeds.

Cage size

The minimum cage size is 120 x 60 x 80 cm (L x W x H) for 2-4 animals. The cage must be placed in a bright, draught-free and quiet place at a height of at least 80 cm (except aviaries), have a rectangular base and be opaque on three sides, aviaries on one side. Keeping in an indoor aviary (e.g. 200 x 100 x 200 cm) is preferable. Birds kept in a cage should be allowed daily controlled free flight indoors without danger after a period of acclimatization.


The floor must be covered with sand, wood granulate, bark mulch or similar material and must be cleaned regularly. At least 3 perches made of wood or branches of varying thickness and height must be installed in such a way that they can only be reached by flying and that the longest possible flight distance is created. They need a bathing opportunity as well as biotope-like hiding, sleeping and nesting possibilities. It is recommended to provide them with grasses and bushes. They should be kept at room temperature, between 18 and 25 °C.


The species-specific food offer consists of mixed seeds, available in specialized trade as "canary food" in premium quality, supplemented with foxtail millet, vitamin crackers, green food (chickweed, green panicle millet, cucumber slices, organic lettuce, dandelion, etc.), fruit (apples, knaw grass seeds, insect food and especially germinated seeds (niger seeds, turnips, some mung beans).), fruit (apples), tangle grass seeds, insect food and especially for raising young germinated seeds (niger seed, turnip, some mung beans) and hard-boiled chicken egg mixed (crumbly) with canary egg food. Charcoal, vitamin lime and shell grit are needed as digestive aids. Drinking water must always be available in birdbaths or in stable, open containers and, like food, must be offered fresh daily in clean containers.

A regular and varied diet promotes health and prevents deficiency symptoms.

Reproduction and breeding

The sexes can be distinguished by the song of the males and in the breeding phase by the cone (thrust) of the sexual part of the cock, and in the females by the pear-shaped abdomen (cloaca).

They breed in open nesting baskets or so-called emperor nests, which are attached to the outside of the cage. Coconut felt nest liners are recommended to secure the nest construction. As nesting material is suitable nest wool (Scharpie), jute fibers and possibly some fresh moss. The clutch consists of 4-6 eggs, the incubation period is about 13 days. The breeding season is, biologically speaking, all year round. Do not allow more than 2-3 broods per year! When breeding, the room temperature should be at least 15 °C.


Pure white (recessive white) canaries need in contrast to dominant white (with yellow wing approach) a regular addition of vitamin A, which is sufficiently contained in the commercial egg or rearing feed. A lack of this vitamin A addition has lethal consequences!

Canaries may only be kept in pairs or in a group. An aviary is required for keeping a group. They must not be kept in a round cage.

When kept in an outdoor aviary with a height of at least 1.70 m, they also require a heated shelter with a floor area of at least 1 m², which can be visited by the birds at any time. The temperature in the shelter must not fall below 10 °C and the furnishings must be the same as those used for caging

Sufficient daylight or flicker-free artificial light (stroboscopic effect) corresponding to daylight must be provided in rooms, including the shelters. The lighting duration shall be 8-14 hours per day and the natural day-night rhythm shall be respected. Adequate indoor climate shall be provided. The health condition of the birds shall be checked daily

Further literature can be found in your pet store.


Text: petdata; Image: petdata

Source: BMEL (1995): Tierschutzgutachten - Mindestanforderungen an die Haltung von Kleinvögeln;; CLASSEN (2001): Kanarien, Ulmer Verlag; GRUMMT & STREHLOW (2009): Zootierhaltung - Tiere in menschlicher Obhut: Vögel, Verlag Harri Deutsch

  • Gemäß § 21 Abs. 5 Tierschutzgesetz idgF