Gouldian Finch (Chloebia gouldiae)

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Gouldian Finch
Chloebia gouldiae
Gouldian Finch (Chloebia gouldiae)
Name Gouldian Finch
Name Lat. Chloebia gouldiae
Family Estrildid Finches
Family lat. Estrildidae
Order Perching Birds
Order lat. Passeriformes
Origin Australia
Climate Tropical
Diet Finch seed, plant matter, insects
Keeping Pair, group
Care Level Moderate
Reproduction Finch nest
Life Span 5-10 years
Protection No
Metric Units
Size 14 cm
Temperature Room temperature
Housing 120 x 50 x 50 cm
US Units
Size 5.5"
Temperature Room temperature
Housing 45" x 20" x 20"

Distribution and habitat

Gouldamadins are native to the hottest areas of northern Australia. They live in the eucalyptus savannas and semi-deserts, where they always stay near waterholes and pools. Since the export ban in 1960, only offspring in many color mutations are available.

Cage size

The minimum cage size is 120 x 50 x 50 cm (L x W x H) for a pair. The cage size must not be undercut even in case of justified single keeping. For an additional 2-3 birds, assuming species compatibility, the floor space must be increased by 25%. The cage must be placed in a bright, draught-free and quiet place at a height of at least 80 cm (except aviaries), have a rectangular base and be opaque on three sides, aviaries on one side. Keeping in an aviary is preferable.


The floor must be covered with sand, wood granulate, bark mulch or similar material and must be cleaned regularly. At least 3 perches made of wood or branches of varying thickness and height must be installed in such a way that they can only be reached by flying and that the longest possible flight distance is created. They need a bathing opportunity as well as biotope-like hiding, sleeping and nesting possibilities. It is recommended to provide them with grasses, twigs and bushes. The room temperature must not fall below 18 °C.


The species-specific feed offer consists of mixed seeds, available in specialized trade as "exotic feed" in premium quality, supplemented with red foxtail millet, green feed (chickweed, green panicle millet, fresh grass panicles, organic lettuce etc.), insect feed and especially for the rearing of young swollen or germinated seeds (millet, oats, egg feed, egg millet and insect larvae such as small millet, oat larvae).), insect food and, especially for raising young, swollen or germinated seeds (millet, oats), egg food, egg millet and insect larvae, such as small, skinned, cut-up mealybug larvae, ant pupae and small buffalos. Charcoal, vitamine lime, and shell grit are needed as digestive aids. If there are several birds, several feeding stations should also be set up. Drinking water must always be available in birdbaths or in stable, open containers and, like food, must be offered fresh daily in clean containers.

A varied diet promotes health and prevents deficiency symptoms.

Reproduction and breeding

Both males and females occur black-, red- and yellow-headed in nature. In the female, the purple of the thorax and the yellow of the abdomen is much paler and the head color is less bright or duller.

They like to breed in biotope-like facilities such as large basket nests (bionesters) and semi-open nest boxes. Nesting material consists of coconut fibers, sisal, longer grasses, and animal hair and feathers for padding. The clutch consists of 5-6 eggs, the incubation period is about 14 days. The breeding season is, biologically speaking, year-round. During breeding and molting, the room temperature should be at least 22 °C.

The average life expectancy is 5-10 years.


They must not be kept in a round cage. An aviary is required for flock keeping

In the case of outdoor aviary keeping, they also require a heated shelter with a floor area of at least 1 m² and a height of 1.70 m, which can be visited by the birds at any time. The temperature in the shelter must not fall below 18 °C and the furnishings must correspond to those of cage keeping.

They may only be kept in pairs or in a group or flock. Socialization with other finches is possible. In rooms, including shelters, sufficient daylight or flicker-free artificial light (stroboscopic effect) corresponding to daylight must be provided. The lighting duration shall be 8-14 hours per day and the natural day-night rhythm shall be observed. Adequate indoor climate shall be provided. The health condition of the birds shall be checked daily

Further literature can be found in your pet store.


Text: Othmar Sieberer; Image: Othmar Sieberer 

BMELV (1995): Tierschutzgutachten - Mindestanforderungen an die Haltung von Kleinvögeln; BIELFELD (1996): Das Prachtfinken-Buch, Verlag Eugen Ulmer; GRUMMT & STREHLOW (2009): Zootierhaltung - Tiere in menschlicher Obhut: Vögel, Verlag Harri Deutsch

  • Gemäß § 21 Abs. 5 Tierschutzgesetz idgF