Cuban Brown Anole (Anolis sagrei)

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Cuban Brown Anole
Anolis sagrei
Cuban Brown Anole (Anolis sagrei)
Name Cuban Brown Anole
Name Lat. Anolis sagrei
Family Anoles
Family lat. Dactyloidae
Order Scaled Reptiles
Order lat. Squamata
Origin Caribbean
Habitat Shrubland
Diet Insects, fruits
Humidity 50-70 %
Behavior ♂ territorial
Keeping Pair, harem
Care Level Easy
Reproduction Oviparous
Housing Semi-humid terrarium
Life Span 5-7 years
Protection No
Metric Units
Size 15 cm
Temperature 25-30 °C
Temperature Local 35-40 °C
Housing Size 60 x 60 x 80 cm
US Units
Size 6"
Temperature 77-86 °F
Temperature Local 95-104 °F
Housing Size 25" x 25" x 30"

Distribution and habitat

Bahama anolis are diurnal tree and bush dwellers near the ground. They are native to the Bahamas and Cuba and have been translocated to other Caribbean islands, Florida and Taiwan.


Minimum dimensions for the terrarium, according to the size and number of animals

1-2 animals 6KRL x 6KRL x 8KRL (L x W x H)

Head-torso length (KRL) is measured on the largest animal. For each additional animal, increase the footprint by 15%. A terrarium of e.g. L 60 x W 60 x H 80 cm is recommended, which should be placed in a quiet and vibration-free place.

They need a well ventilated terrarium with branched climbing branches and hiding places, structured back and side walls (e.g. cork covering) as well as many plants (climbing plants and epiphytes), a soft substrate of forest soil-peat mixture (15 cm deep) and a small, shallow water container as well as a drip trough. Part of the substrate should always be kept slightly moist. Several times a day the inside of the terrarium should be finely sprayed with water (humidity), but a rain or mist system is better 25-30 °C Temp.night: 18-22 °C Temp.local: up to 40 °C Humidity: 50-70

The lighting duration must be 10-14 hrs depending on the season. They need a high light intensity. Special lamps with high UV-A and UV-B content are ideal, because daily UV irradiation is essential.


The diet consists of live insects, such as crickets, crickets, grasshoppers, mealybug larvae and cockroaches, alternatively commercial ready-made food for insectivorous reptiles, supplemented with sweet fruit (bananas, strawberries or fruit pulp) and flowers or flower pollen. Wax moths should rarely be fed in very small amounts due to their high fat content. Young animals should be fed daily, adults 4-5 times a week. Regular addition of minerals and vitamins is important. Drinking water must always be available, but is preferably taken in droplet form from leaves or furnishings.

A varied diet promotes health and prevents deficiency symptoms.

Reproduction and breeding

In males, the bulging throat pouch is significantly larger than in females.

The female buries her eggs (usually 2 pieces) in the moist substrate. At a temperature of 26-28 °C the incubation period is 45-70 days. Since the adults regard the juveniles as food, they must be raised in a separate rearing tank. Small insects such as fruit flies and micro crickets are suitable as initial food for the juveniles.


Their toes are provided with adhesive lamellae. Multifaceted nodding movements serve as their mood expression. Males have a larger, protruding throat pouch for threatening, courtship and territory marking

Adult males are very territorial and incompatible with each other

The quality of the food can be enhanced by the addition of fruit and honey water.

The terrarium must have good ventilation without drafts and meet the species-specific needs. Measuring devices such as thermometers, hygrometers, etc. are necessary. The lighting has to correspond to the species-specific day-night rhythm and has to be placed in such a way that the animals cannot injure themselves. The terrarium should be locked in such a way that neither unauthorized persons can open it nor the animals can escape. Contamination must be removed regularly.

Further literature can be found in your pet store.


Text: petdata; Image: petdata

Source: BMELV (1997): Tierschutzgutachten - Mindestanforderungen an die Haltung von Reptilien; ENGELMANN (2006): Zootierhaltung - Tiere in menschlicher Obhut: Reptilien und Amphibien, Harri Deutsch Verlag

  • Gemäß § 21 Abs. 5 Tierschutzgesetz idgF