Amapa Cory (Corydoras amapaensis)

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Amapa Cory
Corydoras amapaensis
Amapa Cory (Corydoras amapaensis)
Name Amapa Cory
Name Lat. Corydoras amapaensis
Family Armoured Catfishes
Family lat. Callichthyidae
Order Catfishes
Order lat. Siluriformes
Origin Brazil
Habitat Streams, ponds
Diet Omnivore
pH 6.0-7.5
Behavior Peaceful
Keeping Group
Care Level Moderate
Reproduction Substrate spawner
Breeding Moderately difficult
Life Span 4-8 years
Protection No
Metric Units
Size 6-7 cm
Temperature 22-26 °C
Hardness 2-15 °dH
Aquarium ~ 120 l
US Units
Size 2.4"-2.8"
Temperature 72-79 °F
Hardness 36-267 ppm
Aquarium ~ 30 gal

Distribution and habitat

The distribution area of the Amapa Tank Catfish is the Rio Amapari and the Rio Oiapoque (Amapá, Brazil). They live there in shallow water with sandy, silty bottoms covered with branches and leaves.


The aquarium should have dense planting with shady hiding places (roots). In order not to injure their barbels (serve for orientation and foraging), a soft, sandy substrate is ideal, which should be covered with some mulm and foliage (e.g. sea almond leaves).

No ammonia, ammonium and nitrite should be detectable, the nitrate value should not exceed 100 mg/l. To ensure the water quality and oxygen content, a filter and heater adapted to the aquarium size is required, as well as lighting for the species-appropriate day-night rhythm of the animals.


The food supply consists of live, frozen and dry food. For a balanced diet, feed once a day with a high-quality sinking dry food for catfish (granules, pellets, chips, tablets) as well as cyclops, daphnia, artemia, mysis, tubifex or mosquito larvae (live or frozen). In addition, occasionally some vegetable food, such as algae leaves or dry food with vegetable components (e.g. spirulina, kelp).

Only feed as much as is eaten within a few minutes. A regular and varied diet promotes health and increases resistance.

Behaviour and compatibility

They are peaceful and sociable fish that live in groups and can be kept well in a community tank with other peaceful fish. At least 5, but preferably more Amapa Tank Catfish should be kept together

Basically, only compatible fish species with similar water condition and water temperature requirements should be socialized.

Sex dimorphism

The sexes are difficult to distinguish. The females are slightly larger and more plump when seen from above.

Reproduction and breeding

A breeding group consists of 2-3 males and one female. During mating (T-position) the eggs enter a pocket formed by the ventral fins of the female and after fertilization they are glued to substrates (e.g. leaves, stems). This process is repeated a few times. The larvae hatch after about 2-3 days and swim freely after 2-5 days.

Young fish must be fed several times a day with special rearing food (infusoria). In a community tank breeding is hardly possible, because the spawn is easy prey.


They have additional intestinal respiration to survive in oxygen-poor waters and sometimes come up to the water surface for air even in the oxygen-rich aquarium.

The foliage (sea almond tree, oak, etc.) enriches the water with humic substances, naturally lowers the pH and is a valuable secondary food source.

When fishing, use the finest mesh nets possible to avoid snagging the hard rays of the pectoral fins, which can cause painful puncture wounds when touched

The well-being of the fish should be checked regularly. Temperature should be checked daily, pH, hardness and nitrate levels at least every 14 days. Regular partial water changes are recommended, even when contaminant levels have not yet reached the upper limit. Sudden changes in water quality should be avoided. Newly introduced fish must be accustomed slowly to the water in the aquarium.

Further literature can be found in your pet store.


Text: petdata; Image: Franz Lowak

Source: BMELV (1998): Tierschutzgutachten - Haltung von Zierfischen (Süßwasser); RIEHL & BAENSCH (2004): Aquarien Atlas Bd. 3, Mergus Verlag; ENGELMANN (2005): Zootierhaltung - Tiere in menschlicher Obhut: Fische, Verlag Harri Deutsch

  • Gemäß § 21 Abs. 5 Tierschutzgesetz idgF